# Coverage Mapping

The Mappers Coverage map is a crowd-sourced effort to build a true-signal coverage map of the Helium network across the globe. By mapping real-world coverage, network users can understand where sensor deployments are likely to have success connecting to Helium.

Coverage mapping should only be done from ground level, or slightly above it. We would like the map to indicate the expected coverage a standard sensor device would experience. If you want to fly a GPS tracker on a balloon or aircraft, please do not contribute this data to the coverage map.

Be sure to check out the ongoing conversation in the dedicated #mappers channel on the Helium Discord Server.

## Mapping Projects​

### Helium Mappers​

Helium Mappers lets you see the areas that have been explored by participants in the coverage mapping project. The map also shows the Helium hotspots that have provided coverage to these areas. Helium Mappers uses the H3 hexagon tiles to aggregate survey results and provided statistics. View Mappers data at mappers.helium.com.

### Helium Cargo​

Cargo is an evaluation tool for LoRaWAN GPS tracking devices. It shows the current location of these devices, along with the coverage of the network as an H3 hex grid. While Helium Mappers shows an aggregate view of the network coverage, Cargo can display specific mapper devices by name, and their most-recent position reports.

View GPS trackers on Cargo at cargo.helium.com.

### CoverageMap.net​

Coverage Map is a third party tool that draws heatmaps for LoRaWAN networks. This tool has the ability to show raw survey results for devices and hotspots. It aggregates coverage measurements into a heatmap, radar plots and alpha shapes. View Helium's heatmap at CoverageMap.net.

Join the Mappers newsletter to stay up to date on new and upcoming features.

Take a look at the big picture in the Mappers Roadmap. The roadmap is a great way to understand the full scope of the project and find an area to make your own contributions to the project.

### How does Mappers work?​

Participants use low cost LoRaWAN devices to survey the real-world network created by Helium. Many contributors bring their mapper with them when they walk, hike, bike, drive or even boat! They’re small and fit well in a pocket or on a car dash. Some have set up their mappers so they’re contributing to the coverage map every time they take a drive.

In order to place a mark on the map, the mapper device sends out a signal with a GPS location encoded. If a Helium Hotspot ‘hears’ that signal, data is passed through the internet and recorded in the Mappers database. The Mappers database uses the GPS information from the Mapper to ‘light up’ the hex on the map.

### Why should I contribute to Mappers?​

There are a variety of ways that Mapping is valuable to both hotspot owners and network users. For hotspot owners, the collected data helps to visualize the coverage provided by all Helium hotspots - identifying areas where coverage is lacking or even where hotspot placements could be made that would participate in Proof of Coverage with other hotspots. A marked hex on the map indicates that uplink signals from registered Helium LoRaWAN sensors have been proven to be “heard” by the Helium network somewhere within that hex shaped area.

For network users, the map proves the real-world coverage that hotspots provide. This is like looking at the Verizon or T-Mobile map when evaluating phone plans, but for business users. This real world evidence at the scale and resolution offered by our map gives prospective network users the information they need to make decisions about their deployments. As an example, this map is what someone like Lime scooters would look to before they sign a contract.

In short, a robust map means high priced customers, which means adoption, which means the network grows and the token value increases.

### Do I earn HNT for contributing?​

No, coverage mapping is entirely voluntary. In order to participate in mapping, you will need to spend Data Credits to pay for the data transfer that your mapper uses. To get you started, new Helium Console accounts are funded with 250 DC. Beyond that, HNT can be converted to DC to fund device data transfer or DC can be purchased directly through Console.

Mapping does not make a hotspot earn more HNT through Proof of Coverage. The real value is to prove the network, drive adoption, and increase the purchase of data credits by commercial users.

If the hotspots that you are mapping are your own, those data credits are paid back to your hotspots in the form of HNT. Hotspots earn HNT for data packets they transfer, for mapping or otherwise.

### How can I use Mappers for my own hotspot deployments?​

• Find new locations for hotspots.
• Learn RF data analytics in an interactive way.

### How can I use Mappers for my own sensor deployments?​

Take a mapping device to the area where you want to deploy sensors and watch to see if it is picked up by a hotspot in the hex where you want to deploy a sensor. If it’s picked up by only one hotspot, decide if you want to deploy an additional hotspot in that area for sensor connection redundancy. Look at existing mapped areas for confirmation that your sensors can be deployed in that area and how many hotspot can pick them up. It only takes one hotspot to receive and transmit data through the internet, but the redundancy offered by the Helium Network helps to ensure that your data is received.

## Get Started with Mapping​

There are a wide variety of ways to get involved depending on your level of comfort with arduino-type devices. A few common devices are listed below, but in no way is this list exhaustive.

### Fully Preconfigured​

Fully managed mapping devices are ready to use as soon as they arrive. These are pre-configured and enrolled by the seller, and not your own Helium Console. The Data Credits are provided by the seller, and the devices have pre-selected back-end Integrations that are not user-configurable. Generally, these devices are the most easy and accessible, requiring just power to start mapping.

### Plug & Play​

Console-ready device that you onboard to spend your own Data Credits. The Mappers Quickstart guide focuses on the the Dragino LGT-92, but the steps are effectively the same for any mapping device.

### DIY Mappers​

Flash your own code, add the device to your Helium Console, and spend your own Data Credits. Setting up a mapper from your own dev board is a great way to learn about LoRaWAN devices on the Helium Network.

### Device comparisons​

Which hardware platform to select for DIY? Two common and inexpensive platforms are the CubeCell GPS-6502 and LilyGo TTGO T-Beam v1.1. Here are some approximate comparisons:

CubeCell GPS-6502TTGO T-Beam
Cost (USD)$33 (Parley Labs)$35 Amazon or \$25 AliExpress
SizeSmaller2x Longer
BatteryAdd ~1000mA LiPo plug-in18650 LiIon cell holder
Power SwitchNonePower Button / PMU
Battery ChargerHardware USB chargerPMU programmable charger
GPSAir530ZuBlox Neo-6M
Operating CurrentTBD110mA
ConnectormicroUSB sidemicroUSB bottom
GPS Antennaon-board ceramic + IPEX external connectorIncluded active antenna on IPEX
LoRa AntennaWire-coil IPEX antennaSMA with included stubby or 10cm antenna
Display0.96" OLED, installed0.96" OLED, DIY Solder 4-pin
LEDsGreen GPS Fix, RGB LED, Red ChargingRed GPS Fix, Blue & Red programmable
ProcessorASR6502 / Cypress PSoC 4000ESP32
PMIC-none-AXP192
Open Sourcepartsyes
WiFi & Bluetoothnoyes

### Configuration Basics​

At its core, contributing to Helium Mappers is just a matter of delivering a specific payload through the console. Learn more about the Mappers API.

If your mapping device is delivering messages to Helium Mappers, you can also enable the integrations for Cargo and CoverageMap.net to contribute to these two projects using the same Decoded payload.

A flow that sends data to all three projects would look similar to this:

## Understanding the Mappers Visualization​

From within the Mappers tool, clicking on a green hexagon will allow you to get more information about the coverage available in that region.

• H3 Index
• The funny looking number like 89283082853ffff is the unique h3 index of the hexagon on the map. In other words, it's the hex’s name. H3 is a system of managing global datasets, and is pervasive throughout different Helium protocols.