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Data Transfer Oracles

Moving the entire data transfer logic off-chain to Oracles will increase scalability and reduce points of failure.

LoRaWAN Network Server Streamlining

On the Helium L1, being a LoRaWAN Network Server (LNS) on the Helium Network requires running the router, state channels, and the Helium blockchain, a significant hurdle for non-blockchain native LNS configurations.

On the Solana L1, the LNS has a more focused role. After purchasing Organizationally Unique Identifier (OUI) and slabs, the LNS must inform the Config Service of the routing for the devices under their network. The LNS can optionally curate an allow-list to, for example, not accept packets from disabled devices or tenants/devices with a depleted Data Credit (DC) balance. The LNS will directly transmit these routes and their allow-list to the Config Service.

The update brings the responsibilities of a Helium LNS much more in line with a generic LNS while also easing the integrations of existing LNS systems, further helping the expansion of the Helium Network.

Config Service

The Config Service keeps track of all routing rules for all devices connected to the Helium Network, aggregating from the LNSs into a database of routes that propagate to each Packet Router. The Config Service immediately updates the Packet Routers whenever it receives an update.

The Packet Verifier uses the Config Service to fetch the list of OUIs, wallet addresses per gateway, and wallet addresses per OUI.

Packet Router Service

The Packet Routers are responsible for routing packets received from Hotspots to the appropriate LNS. This streamlined service follows the routing rules given to it by the Config Service.

If a Packet Router can match a received packet to a defined route, it will forward that message to the appropriate LNS and submit a packet report to the Packet Reports Database.

Each packet report includes OUI, network ID, region, gateway, and payload hash metadata. The full definition can be found here.

Load Balancing Service

Hotspots interface directly with Load Balancers, helping the Helium Network scale horizontally when needed.

Packet Verifier Service

The Packet Verifier verifies the submitted packets. Its primary responsibilities are to:

  • Confirm that each OUI and the associated LNS have enough DC to pay for the packets received.
    • If a given OUI does not, the Packet Verifier will inform the Config Service that it should disable the associated routes.
    • Once a disabled OUI has a positive DC balance, it will re-enable the associated routes.
  • Confirm that the Message Integrity Code (MIC) check passes.
  • Process reports into a separate database of verified and denied reports (denied reports include the cause of denial).
  • Based on data transfer, calculate Rewards and the amount of DC to debit from each wallet associated with an OUI.