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Migrating Devices From The Things Network

This page has not been fully updated to represent the latest state of the Helium Network following the migration to Solana on April 18, 2023.

This short guide will walk you through porting your devices to the Helium Network (and Helium Console) from TTN and the TTN Console. If you are doing more than a few devices though, you may want to try the Command-Line Interface for automated import.

At a high level, there are two steps to accomplish this migration:

  1. Copying your keys from the TTN Console to the Helium Console. (Right now this is a manual process, but we'll soon have a CLI that automates this).
  2. Porting your applicationlogic from TTN Console to use the far superior labels construct in the Helium Console.

Copying Keys and Ensuring you're using Sub Band 2

In the TTN Console, we go to the Application containing the device we want to migrate and copy these keys over into a new Device created in Helium Console.

Next, you need to ensure the device can use LoRaWAN US channels 8-15 (also known as Sub-band 2). This process can vary by device. Some come bundled with configuration utilities, others you will have to recompile and flash the firmware yourself. It is also possible that the network negotiates the sub-channel band itself.

The full frequency table for the US915 band is found here but comparison is available below.

By default, LoRaWAN compliant end nodes should use all channels (0-63) for the OTAA join process. After OTAA Joined, the first uplink packet on sub-band 2 will receive a downlink response with an ADR command with the appropriate channel mask; thereafter, the end node should use these channels (8-15) to send uplink packets.

Comparison (MHz):

TTN FrequencyHelium FrequencySFBW
903.9903.9SF7BW125 to SF10BW125
904.1904.1SF7BW125 to SF10BW125
904.3904.3SF7BW125 to SF10BW125
904.5904.5SF7BW125 to SF10BW125
904.7904.7SF7BW125 to SF10BW125
904.9904.9SF7BW125 to SF10BW125
905.1905.1SF7BW125 to SF10BW125
905.3905.3SF7BW125 to SF10BW125

Porting Your Application Logic to use Helium's Labels Construct

After you've added your device to the Helium Console, you'll likely need to reconstruct the Application you've built for your devices in TTN's Console.

Instead of an application, Helium uses labels, and instead of creating your TTN application first, then adding devices to it, Helium lets you add any number of devices to Console, then group them by labels after the fact. Devices can also have more than one label.

To read more about Labels and how you should use them to replace and extend applications, head here.