FAQs, Resources, and Providers
How much HNT does it require to stake and become a validator?
What’s the minimum number of validators needed to go to mainnet?
The current proposal is 100 with no maximum number of validators that can participate. We will activate a separate chain variable when we reach the proposed minimum which will enable Consensus Group election from the validator pool.
Is there a validator cap?
How many validators are elected to the consensus group?
Initially 16, but expect to quickly grow the number.
When a validator is in the consensus group can I update it?
Yes. There are no issues with updating a validator while it's in the consensus group.
My validator is connected. Why can't I see it in the Explorer?
API status updates can take up to 10 minutes for fully connected nodes.
Why do you discourage running validators from home?
Many community members possess hardware that easily meets or exceeds the recommended CPU, memory, and storage guidelines. However, most home users rely on residential internet service providers. This is potentially problematic for the following reasons:
- Residential ISPs rarely offer service level agreements (SLA) that guarantee network uptime. If your neighborhood experiences a service outage due to headend hardware failure, software misconfiguration, or your neighbor trenching their front lawn and slicing a fiber line, you will need to wait for service to return just like any other residential customer.
- Most residential ISPs lack distributed denial of service (DDoS) or denial of service (DoS) protection. If a bad actor decides to target your public IP address with a botnet, you may see your cable modem, DSL modem, or optical network terminal crash spectacularly. You may not have control over the assignment of a new public IP address, so power-cycling your modem may not allow you to recover from a continuous attack. Remember, your public IP is broadcast across the helium peer-to-peer network when you connect.
- Your ISP may implement QoS (Quality of Service) or traffic shaping policies that dynamically prioritize or deprioritize certain types of traffic without your knowledge. This could potentially impact latency between your validator nodes and other nodes in a consensus group. Bad latency can result in your eviction from a consensus group.
- Bad actors may target your public IP address with port scanners or other scanning techniques to identify entry points. Outdated router software, poor port management, or zero-day exploits could put your entire home network (including your personal computers, crypto wallets, mobile devices, and IoT devices) at risk for attack and compromise.
- Your ISP may automatically throttle your connection speed if the sustained traffic or connection load exceeds a value that could negatively impact the performance of other customers in your neighborhood.
Despite the warnings above, some community members will decide to run their validator from home. Remember that Helium is not responsible for security, performance, or network issues that may result from your validator configuration.
What is the expect APY of running Helium validator?
It depends on the number of validators and how often a validator is randomly chosen to participate in the consensus group. Validators split the Consensus Group reward, which is 6% of all HNT mined.
The community has produced several models which should be instructive. Please do your own analysis before deciding to stake.
When can I get my validator rewards?
There is no rewards distribution lock up. After staking, validators elected into the consensus group immediately receive rewards at the end of that epoch.
Staking and Unstaking
What happens when I unstake a validator?
It enters an unbonding state for approximately 5 months (250,000 blocks) and cannot be restaked. During this state the validator does NOT earn rewards and the staked amount cannot be transferred or withdrawn. After the unbonding state has passed, the stake is returned to the original owner’s wallet.
Is overstaking permitted? If so, what’s the benefit?
Initially there will be no overstaking. We'll decide later, via the HIP process, what kind of overstaking the network should allow and what it will mean for election into the Consensus Group and ultimately rewards.
Can I restake an unstaked validator?
No. Once a validator has been unstaked it cannot be restaked.
Can I transfer stake to an existing validator node that had been previously staked?
If a validator is in the consensus group, can I unstake it or transfer stake?
No. You must wait until the validator is out of the consensus group.
- HIP25 Hips Don't Lie - An in-depth discussion of HIP25, the foundational HIP for validators.
- Validator Staking Tutorial - Full video guide on how to deploy a Validator from
- Validator Quickstart - Short overview from
joeyon how to deploy and stake a Validator.
Links to these Staking Providers are provided as is. Helium, Inc. is not directly associated with any of the following vendors and makes no endorsements about the quality of their offering.